The position of Ayurveda is unique among other medical systems for many a reason. According to Ayurveda, the human body is made up of the five natural elements (panchabhoothas), identical to those which constitute the universe itself (Prithivi, op, theja, vayu and akash.) Again it is comprised of THRIDOSHAS , namely Vata, Pitha and Kapha.. When these three Doshas are in balance, the state of the body is said to be healthy and any imbalance will lead to disease. The ratio of these doshas differ from person to person. An expert physician is generally capable of understanding these doshas and diagnose the disease properly by analyzing the symptoms through Darsana (observation), Sparsana (physical examination of the body) and Prasna (enquiry and discussion with the patient). Ayurveda acknowledges the differential metabolism of each individual human body. Treatments in ayurveda are therefore individualized. No two ailments can be the same due to differences in body constitutions, age, sex and place. Timing is also important. Curative medicines are to be taken in perfect harmony with nature in keeping with universal timing (change in Rithu, weather) in contrast with the man-made measurement of time in other systems of medicine.
The diagnostic process in Ayurveda comprises of Darsana (observation), Sparsana (physical examination of the body) and Prasna (enquiry and discussion with the patients). Ayurveda also considers the state of the human mind. A calm and serene mind is a vital component for physical well-being. Hence Ayurveda evolved the system of Yoga, A comprehensive series of exercises for the mind and the body. Thus Ayurveda established its credential long back and later spread its wings of influence to many other cultures notably the Arabs.